Known History of Peppermint Oil
Peppermint basically known as Mentha balsamea is a hybrid mint, a cross between spearmint and water mint. In genus Mentha there are more than 25 species, the most widely used is peppermint. The Western peppermint oil is obtained from Mentha piperita,
Chinese peppermint is obtained from the fresh leaves of Mentha haplocalyx. Many countries grow mint but the largest producers of mint and mint oils are the India,United States and China. The India and U.S produce the largest supplies of mint oil used in toothpaste,chewing gum, mouthwash and several other products. Peppermint has stalked, smooth, dark green leaves, and square stems and pinkish flowers. Like other mints, the plant can spread widely by means of underground stem.
Peppermint was first cultivated in England in the late seventeenth century. The herb part of peppermint has been used as a remedy in several health benefits as in indigestion. In 1721, London Pharmacopoeia listed the Peppermint was first time. Peppermint was a popular European candy as early as in the mid-19th century, brandy balls a sweet made with peppermint. It is a garden herb, menthol is an active ingredient in peppermint oil which gives a cooling sensation and is used to relieve pain and irritation. Peppermint is a popular flavoring agent in food and drinks.
Peppermint generally grows best in moist, shaded locations and spreads by means of underground rhizomes. For the home gardener, it is often grown in pots to restrict fast spreading. It grows best with a good supply of water, and planted in areas with part-sun to shade.
Learn More About of the Extraction Method of Peppermint Oil
Peppermint oil can be derived through steam distillations, soxhelet extraction and solvent extraction.
Some of the common methods used to extract oil from plants are oil soak, steam distillation and a cold-press method.
Steam distillation is the most accepted process from which we extract this essential oil. During this process the leaves are placed into a jar and pressurized steam is forced through the plant material, Peppermint oil has many pharmaceutical uses. Such as it can be used as a treatment for a variety of conditions, including nausea, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and other digestive issues, as well as the common cold and headaches. Topical applying of peppermint oil gives relief from muscle pain, itching and headache.
Steam Distillation is the most popular method used to isolate or extract essential oils from plants for use in natural products.
For extraction of oil at home, we can take the organic mixture and water placed in an R.B flask, which is then connected to a steam generator on one side and a water condenser on the other side. Heat the mixture, then a current of steam is passed in to the mixture,by this process we can get peppermint oil at home.