It is extracted from the flowers by steam distillation of Chamomile plant. The Roman chamomile yield about 1.7% from fresh flower and the German chamomile yield about 0.2-0.4%
This essential oil can be used with great effect on children when they fell irritable, impatient, and colicky. In general it is good for abdominal pain, gall bladder problems s well as for throat infections. It furthermore helps to relieve allergies, hay fever and asthma for the skin it can be used to calm acne, eczema, rashes, dry and itchy skin and other allergic condition on general. The therapeutic properties of Chamomile essential oil are antibiotic, antiseptic anti-spasmodic, bactericidal, anti- anti infection, digestive, carminative, stomachic, hepatic, tonic.
This essential oil has a calming effect on the mind and body and is excellent in treating any type of inflammation - be that internal or external. It is very effective on urinary stones (bladder gravel) as well. It furthermore stimulates the liver and gall bladder,
Roman chamomile can be used as a mouthwash for dental abscesses and tonsillitis.
The Roman chamomile essential oil has a sweet, apple-like fragrance and is very light clear blue in color with a watery viscosity, while the German chamomile oil is sweet and straw-like in fragrance, is dark blue in color and its viscosity is medium. The main chemical components of Roman chamomile oils are a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, 1,8-cineole, y-terpinene, caryophyllene, and propyl angelate and butyl angelate.The main constituents of German chamomile oil are chamazulene, a-bisabolol, bisabolol oxide A, bisabolol oxide B and bisabolone oxide A
It was first time originated from India.